Cultured Pearls Are Grown From Grains of Sand
Marine Pearls Are Grown From A Rare Raw Material
Found Only in the U.S.A.
The worldwide Cultured Pearl Industry Depends Upon a Raw Material That
Exists Only in the United States. Found exclusively in the
United States, the American mollusk shell is the only material
used worldwide to successfully produce cultured marine pearls -- there
is no other substitute.
association with researchers from the Smithsonian and Stanford Research
Institutes, and the Los Angeles Museum of Natural History, Paul Cross,
CEO & President of American Bio-Gem, Inc. has and continues
to develop proprietary technology that uses mollusk shells to manufacture
nuclei for the seeding of pearls. In addition, Mr. Cross developed
antibiotics, bio-coatings, implanting instruments, and husbandry
techniques that have become standard industry practice.
CULTURED PEARL MONOPOLY
For over one hundred years, the Japanese have monopolized the pearl industry
through a sophisticated campaign to control the world pearl markets. In the
past, if you wanted to be a pearl farmer, you had to have a Japanese partner.
they would not disclose the procedure for causing pearls to grow,
nor would they supply the necessary U.S. nuclei for pearl production.
In 1985, Paul Cross cut through the secrecy to make this information
public, and sold to anyone who wanted to enter this lucrative industry.
MONOPOLY ERODING INDUSTRY
result of pollution and inadequate husbandry practices, Japanese
cultured pearl production is suffering. This, coupled with the continual
degradation of pearl quality due to insufficient growing times, has
left the Japanese monopoly unable to produce both quantity and quality
U.S., their influence has caused problems with illegal shell harvesting.
The U.S. Department of Fish and Wildlife has recently found
guilty the largest Japanese-owned shell company (the Tennessee Shell
Company) of violations of the Lacey Act. Additionally, an American-owned
shell company that also supplies the Japanese market is currently
being prosecuted for the same violations.
illegal harvesting, there is another burden on the shell species.
All nuclei derived from shells are graded from 1st (pure white) to
3rd (stained). Only about 10% of all nuclei are 1st grade,
which drives the need for more and more shell harvesting to sustain
the world's appetite for the best nuclei.
with pollution, illegal harvesting, and man-made obstacles (dams,
etc.) what is to become of this precious commodity?
American Bio-Gem, Inc. will establish a state-of-the-art nucleus
production facility in the U.S. This facility will incorporate
all of the advanced technology that Mr. Cross has developed over
the last 14 years.
this facility will have the production capabilities to fulfill the
need of the pearl industry, while reducing the pressure on the endangered
With nucleus production established, the company will implement Phase II: pearl
production in the South Pacific. With several locations already identified, American Bio-Gem will establish a state-of-the-art Black Pearl farm in
the South Pacific.
early 1990's, Paul Cross sent four U.S. technicians to the South
Pacific to be trained by the famous Jean Tapu in the techniques of
Black Pearl culturing. Using our latest bio-coatings and antibiotics,
the company expects a sizable return on its investment from this
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